Landscape programme

Natural Heritage and Biodiversity

The preservation of our planet’s biodiversity is essential for the welfare of humanity. Thanks to the support of the World Heritage Convention, the most important natural sites worldwide enjoy international recognition and technical and economic assistance to struggle against threats such as indiscriminate logging for plantations, the introduction of exotic species and poaching.
Ever since the days she spent long summers of her childhood at Villa Ocampo, trees and plants have been a constant presence in the life of Victoria Ocampo. Some of her most intense and personal texts were dedicated to trees. She was an early defender of the landscape as “living architecture”, unique and irreplaceable where sensitivity and perception of those inhabiting it are forged. The first issue of Sur, at the beginning of the 1930’s, included photos of landscapes from different regions of Argentina, some of which, such as the Patagonian glaciers, were declared World Heritage sites by UNESCO decades later.

Furthermore, Victoria introduced a contemporary style in the parks of her houses in Mar del Plata and Palermo Chico, she advocated more green public spaces, she defended trees and wrote several texts on the subject, visited the world’s most outstanding gardens and in her library we can find numerous books on gardens and botany.
The concept of cultural landscape was recognised in 1992 on an international level in the framework of the UNESCO 1972 World Heritage Convention. A cultural landscape is one that is modelled by nature and human action. These landscapes have been built based on people’s lives, their perceptions and are frequently essential for people to feel identity and welfare.
The cultural landscape programme is mainly aimed at disseminating general knowledge related with the landscape, its natural and cultural values, its importance in society and the need for it to be cared for and preserved, in accordance with the guidelines and concepts prepared by UNESCO.